DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS, CLINICAL PROFILE, AND CHILD ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY (EEG) PATTERN IN PROF. DR. R. D. KANDOU HOSPITAL MANADO
Keywords:Demographic Characteristics, Clinical Profile, And Child Electroencephalography
Background:Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that frequently occurs in children. The incidence of childhood epilepsy in developing countries ranges from 35 - 150 per 100,000 population annually. However, data regarding characteristics of child with epilepsy, clinical profiles and EEG pattern are still limited. The demographic characteristics, clinical profiles, and EEG pattern are important information to assist the diagnosis and management of children with epilepsy. Aims: To determine the demographic characteristics, clinical features and EEG pattern of children with epilepsy in Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou hospital .Methods: This study is a retrospective descriptive study using secondary data on children with epilepsy who underwent an EEG examination at Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou hospital on January-December 2018. Result: There were 217 children with epilepsy who underwent EEG examination with an average age of 8.28 ± 5.54 years, consisting of 119 men (54.8%) and 98 women (45.2%). There were 95 subjects with focal semiology (43.8%) and 122 with general semiology (56.2%). Normal EEG findings was found in 111 subjects (51.2%). A total of 106 subjects with abnormal EEGs (48.8%). Abnormal EEG patterns showed epileptiform patterns (41.5%), non epileptiform patterns (28.3%), and both epileptiform and non epileptiform patterns (30.1%). Subjects with epileptiform patterns showing focal sign (61.3%), generalized (21.2%) and multifocal (11.3%). Conclusion: Characteristics of children with epilepsy in Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou hospital is dominated by males with an average age of 8.28 ± 5.54 years, the semiological patterns is dominated by generalized seizures, and most of the EEG abnormalities are epileptiform pattern..
Kata Kunci: Demographic Characteristics, Clinical Profile, And Child Electroencephalography